What Are the Treatments Options for Alcohol Dependence?

February 2018 ยท 5 minute read

Traditional Medicine for Alcohol Addiction
When the alcoholic accepts that the problem exists and agrees to quit drinking, treatment options for alcohol dependence can start. He or she must understand that alcohol addiction is curable and should be driven to change. Treatment has three phases:

Detoxing (detoxing): This could be needed as soon as possible after ceasing alcohol consumption and can be a medical emergency, as detoxification can trigger withdrawal seizures, hallucinations, delirium tremens (DT), and in some cases might lead to death.
Rehab: This involves counseling and medicines to give the recovering alcoholic the skills required for preserving sobriety. This step in treatment may be conducted inpatient or outpatient. Both of these are equally effective.
Maintenance of sobriety: This step’s success mandates the alcoholic to be self-motivated. The secret to abstinence is support, which typically consists of regular Alcoholics Anonymous (AA) gatherings and obtaining a sponsor.
For an individual in an early stage of alcohol dependence, ceasing alcohol use might result in some withdrawal manifestations, consisting of stress and anxiety and poor sleep. If not addressed appropriately, people with DTs have a death rate of over 10 %, so detoxing from late-stage alcohol dependence ought to be pursued under the care of a highly trained doctor and may necessitate a brief inpatient stay at a medical facility or treatment center.

Treatment options may involve one or more medications. Benzodiazepines are anti-anxiety medications used to address withdrawal symptoms like stress and anxiety and disrupted sleep and to prevent convulsions and delirium. These are the most frequently used medicines during the course of the detox cycle, at which time they are normally tapered and later terminated. They should be used with care, given that they may be addictive.

There are a number of medicines used to help individuals in rehabilitation from alcoholism maintain sobriety and sobriety. One pharmaceutical, disulfiram may be used once the detoxification stage is complete and the person is abstinent. It interferes with alcohol metabolism so that drinking a small quantity will cause nausea, retching, blurred vision, confusion, and breathing troubles. This pharmaceutical is most appropriate for alcoholics who are extremely motivated to quit drinking or whose medicine use is monitored, because the pharmaceutical does not affect the motivation to consume alcohol.
Yet another medication, naltrexone, reduces the craving for alcohol. Naltrexone may be given even if the individual is still consuming alcohol; however, as with all pharmaceuticals used to address alcohol addiction, it is recommended as part of a detailed program that teaches clients all new coping skills. It is now offered as a long-acting inoculation that can be given on a monthly basis.
Acamprosate is yet another medication that has been FDA-approved to reduce alcohol craving.

Finally, research indicates that the anti-seizure medicines topiramate and gabapentin may be useful in minimizing craving or anxiety during rehabilitation from drinking, although neither one of these drugs is FDA-approved for the treatment of alcohol addiction.

Anti-depressants or Anti-anxietyAnti-anxietymedicationsor Anti-depressants medications may be administered to manage any resulting or underlying anxiety or depression, but because those syndromes might vanish with sobriety, the medications are usually not started until after detox is complete and there has been some period of abstinence.
Since an alcohol dependent person stays vulnerable to relapse and potentially becoming dependent again, the objective of recovery is total abstinence. Rehabilitation generally takes a Gestalt strategy, which may include education and learning programs, group therapy, family participation, and participation in self-help groups. Alcoholics Anonymous (AA) is the most renowneded of the support groups, but other approaches have also proven to be highly effective.

Nutrition and Diet for Alcohol dependence

Substandard health and nutrition goes along with alcohol abuse and alcoholism: Since an ounce of alcohol has additional than 200 calories but no nutritional value, ingesting large levels of alcohol tells the body that it does not require additional nourishment. Problem drinkers are typically deficient in vitamins A, B complex, and C; folic acid; carnitine; magnesium, zinc, and selenium, along with necessary fatty acids and antioxidants. Restoring such nutrients– by offering thiamine (vitamin B-1) and a multivitamin– can assist recovery and are a vital part of all detox programs.

At-Home Remedies for Alcoholism

Abstinence is one of the most vital– and probably the most hard– steps to rehabilitation from alcoholism . To learn to live without alcohol, you need to:

Stay away from people and locations that make consuming alcohol the norm, and find different, non-drinking buddies.

Sign up with a self-help group.
Get the assistance of friends and family.
Replace your unfavorable reliance on alcohol with favorable dependencies like a new hobby or volunteer service with church or civic groups.
Start working out. Physical exercise releases chemicals in the brain that provide a “natural high.” Even a walk after supper can be tranquilizing.

Treatment methods for alcoholism can start only when the alcoholic accepts that the issue exists and agrees to stop drinking . For a person in an early phase of alcohol dependence, ceasing alcohol use might result in some withdrawal manifestations, consisting of stress and anxiety and poor sleep. If not treated appropriately, individuals with DTs have a death rate of over 10 %, so detoxification from late-stage alcohol dependence ought to be attempted under the care of a skilled doctor and might require a brief inpatient stay at a healthcare facility or treatment center.

There are several medicines used to help individuals in rehabilitation from alcohol dependence maintain sobriety and abstinence. Poor nutrition goes with heavy alcohol consumption and alcoholism: Because an ounce of alcohol has over 200 calories and yet no nutritional value, consuming serious levels of alcohol informs the body that it doesn’t need more nourishment.